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Aluminum


 

 

Chemical Properties

Boiling Point - 2467.0 C

Melting Point - 660.37 C

Reactivity With Oxygen - Does not react

Reactivity With Water - Molting Aluminum explodes in water

Danger + Toxicity Levels - Produces a toxic gas when burned

 

 

Physical Properties

Natural Phase At Room Temperature - Solid

Atomic Number - 13

Atomic Mass - 26.9 amu

Classification - Metal

Density - 2.702 g/cm3

Percentage abundance of element found in the Earth's crust - 8%

Protons - 13      Electrons - 13      Neutrons - 14

 

 

History of the Element

Was discovered

  • in -1825
  • by - Hans Christian Oersted
  • at - Denmark
  • by - heating dry aluminum chloride and potassium

History of Name - from the Latin word "alum"

History of the Symbol - derived from the first two letters of the element

Alchemical Symbol -     

Historical uses - Egyptians used Aluminum to dye their clothes

 

 

Uses + Worth

Common Uses - airplanes, soda cans, kitchen utensils, building decorations, electrical transmission lines, and toothpaste tubes

Industrial Uses - to provide insulation. transportation and siding

Current cost - 15 cents per pound

Aluminum is both imported and exported into the US